Frank Baum proposed writing a modern fairy tale that banished stereotypical elements, he included the genie as well as the dwarf and the fairy as stereotypes to go. In , the International Astronomical Union IAU began naming features on Saturn 's moon Enceladus after characters and places in Burton 's translation  because "its surface is so strange and mysterious that it was given the Arabian Nights as a name bank, linking fantasy landscape with a literary fantasy".
There is little evidence that the Nights was particularly treasured in the Arab world. It is rarely mentioned in lists of popular literature and few preth-century manuscripts of the collection exist. According to Robert Irwin, "Even today, with the exception of certain writers and academics, the Nights is regarded with disdain in the Arabic world.
Its stories are regularly denounced as vulgar, improbable, childish and, above all, badly written. Also film and TV adaptations based on stories like Sinbad and Aladdin enjoyed long lasting popularity in Arabic speaking countries. Although the first known translation into a European language only appeared in , it is possible that the Nights began exerting its influence on Western culture much earlier.
The modern fame of the Nights derives from the first known European translation by Antoine Galland, which appeared in According to Robert Irwin , Galland "played so large a part in discovering the tales, in popularizing them in Europe and in shaping what would come to be regarded as the canonical collection that, at some risk of hyperbole and paradox, he has been called the real author of the Nights.
This fashion began with the publication of Madame d'Aulnoy 's Histoire d'Hypolite in D'Aulnoy's book has a remarkably similar structure to the Nights , with the tales told by a female narrator. At the same time, some French writers began to parody the style and concoct far-fetched stories in superficially Oriental settings. They often contained veiled allusions to contemporary French society. The most famous example is Voltaire 's Zadig , an attack on religious bigotry set against a vague pre-Islamic Middle Eastern background.
The Polish nobleman Jan Potocki 's novel Saragossa Manuscript begun owes a deep debt to the Nights with its Oriental flavour and labyrinthine series of embedded tales. The work was included on a price-list of books on theology, history, and cartography, which was sent by the Scottish bookseller Andrew Millar when an apprentice to a Presbyterian minister. This is illustrative of the title's widespread popularity and availability in the s.
The Nights continued to be a favourite book of many British authors of the Romantic and Victorian eras. According to A. Byatt , "In British Romantic poetry the Arabian Nights stood for the wonderful against the mundane, the imaginative against the prosaically and reductively rational. Wordsworth and Tennyson also wrote about their childhood reading of the tales in their poetry.
Nacht , It depicts the eighth and final voyage of Sinbad the Sailor , along with the various mysteries Sinbad and his crew encounter; the anomalies are then described as footnotes to the story. While the king is uncertain—except in the case of the elephants carrying the world on the back of the turtle—that these mysteries are real, they are actual modern events that occurred in various places during, or before, Poe's lifetime. The story ends with the king in such disgust at the tale Scheherazade has just woven, that he has her executed the very next day.
Another important literary figure, the Irish poet W. Yeats was also fascinated by the Arabian Nights, when he wrote in his prose book, A Vision an autobiographical poem, titled The Gift of Harun Al-Rashid ,  in relation to his joint experiments with his wife Georgie Hyde-Lees , with Automatic writing. The automatic writing, is a technique used by many occultists in order to discern messages from the subconscious mind or from other spiritual beings, when the hand moves a pencil or a pen, writing only on a simple sheet of paper and when the person's eyes are shut.
Also, the gifted and talented wife, is playing in Yeats's poem as "a gift" herself, given only allegedly by the caliph to the Christian and Byzantine philosopher Qusta Ibn Luqa , who acts in the poem as a personification of W.
In July he was asked by Louis Lambert, while in a tour in the United States, which six books satisfied him most. The list that he gave placed the Arabian Nights, secondary only to William Shakespeare's works. The critic Robert Irwin singles out the two versions of The Thief of Baghdad version directed by Raoul Walsh; version produced by Alexander Korda and Pier Paolo Pasolini 's Il fiore delle Mille e una notte , as ranking "high among the masterpieces of world cinema.
UPA , an American animation studio, produced an animated feature version of Arabian Nights , featuring the cartoon character Mr. The animated feature film, One Thousand and One Arabian Nights , produced in Japan and directed by Osamu Tezuka and Eichii Yamamoto, featured psychedelic imagery and sounds, and erotic material intended for adults.
Shabnam Rezaei and Aly Jetha created, and the Vancouver-based Big Bad Boo Studios produced Nights , an animated television series for children, which launched on Teletoon and airs in 80 countries around the world, including Discovery Kids Asia.
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Others artists include John D. William Harvey , The Story of the Fisherman , —40, woodcut. Friedrich Gross , ante , woodcut.
Frank Brangwyn , Story of Abon-Hassan the Wag "He found himself upon the royal couch" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. Frank Brangwyn , Story of the Merchant "Sheherezade telling the stories" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. Frank Brangwyn , Story of Ansal-Wajooodaud, Rose-in-Bloom "The daughter of a Visier sat at a lattice window" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard.
Frank Brangwyn , Story of Gulnare "The merchant uncovered her face" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. Frank Brangwyn , Story of Beder Basim "Whereupon it became eared corn" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. Frank Brangwyn , Story of Abdalla "Abdalla of the sea sat in the water, near the shore" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. Frank Brangwyn , Story of Mahomed Ali "He sat his boat afloat with them" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard.
Frank Brangwyn , Story of the City of Brass "They ceased not to ascend by that ladder" , —96, watercolour and tempera on millboard. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Arabian Nights disambiguation. For other uses, see One Thousand and One Nights disambiguation. Play media. Novels portal. Encyclopaedia of Islam 3rd ed. The Arabian Nights in Transnational Perspective. Wayne State University Press. Pellat Encyclopaedia Iranica. Lyons and Ursula Lyons Penguin Classics, , vol. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C. Bosworth; E.
Heinrichs eds. Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd ed. University of Toronto Thesis. Les entretiensde Nang Tantrai. Bibliotheca Javaneca No. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. II, pp.
Josef W. However, it remains far from clear what the connection is between this fragment of the early text and the Nights stories as they have survived in later and fuller manuscripts; nor how the Syrian manuscripts related to later Egyptian versions. The Arabian nights: a companion.
Sheherazade through the looking glass: the metamorphosis of the Thousand and One Nights. Retrieved 19 March Story-telling techniques in the Arabian nights. Also in Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, v. He demanded he take the child backwith him to Italy, but he didn't count on thestrong bond between Lio and his aunt,Verity Fox. But I love finishing it, then holding the book in my hand and sharing my dream with my readers.
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