American Legislative Leaders in the Midwest, 1911-1994 (Strategic Thought)

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For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park , of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. Unincorporated settlements with a population of between and 1, residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data.

In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario.

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In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense.

The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. In , the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was with a total area of 4, As of the census, its population was 2, and it contained housing units.

According to the census, the township has a total area of Interstate 70 U. Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved County seat A county seat is an administrative center , seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada , Romania and the United States. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county.

The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality ; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia.

Ellicott City , the county seat of Howard County , is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson , the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland. Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name.

County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama , Georgia , Kentucky , Mississippi, New Hampshire , New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County , which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.

There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems.

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Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns.

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In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties.

In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County , respectively. In Louisiana , divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. The state with the most counties is Texas, with , the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria , Luxembourg , France and Tunisia Municipality , equivalent to county in many c.

At the Census, the population was 7, Vandalia is 69 miles northeast of St. Louis , on the Kaskaskia River , it served as the state capital of Illinois from until , when the seat of state government moved to the current capital of Springfield. Vandalia was for years the western terminus of the National Road. Vandalia was founded in as a new capital city for Illinois; the previous capital, was unsuitable because it was under the constant threat of flooding. The townsite was hastily prepared for the meeting of the Illinois General Assembly ; the history of the name Vandalia is uncertain.

Different theories can be found in all of the books written about Vandalia over the years. In her book Vandalia: Wilderness Capital of Lincoln's Land, Mary Burtschi tells of a conversation between one of the original surveyors of the town and a Vandalia resident. The surveyor, Colonel Greenup , explained. He recommended this as an abbreviation to the word vanguard meaning the forefront of an advancing movement.

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Another suggestion was made for the term dalia, derived from the Anglo-Saxon word dale which means a valley between hills. Greenup takes credit in the conversation for connecting the two terms to form the name Vandalia. Another possible source of the name is the Vandalia colony , a failed attempt to establish a fourteenth colony in part of what is now West Virginia and Kentucky ; the Vandalia colony was named in honor of Queen Charlotte , who claimed descent from the Wendish tribe of Obodrites called the Vandals.

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Another theory put forth is that Vandalia was named by those who located the state capital in the town; the law under which Vandalia was founded included a provision that the capital would not be moved for twenty years. Before the end of this period, the population center of the state had shifted far north of Vandalia. In , the General Assembly voted to move the capital to Springfield. In the early s the sociologist Joseph Lyford examined the social structure of Vandalia in a book-length study that revealed the corporatist nature of decision-making in the city. In , 2, people lived in Vandalia; the population was 6, at the census.

Vandalia is home to the Okaw Valley Area Vocational Center, which trains high school students in vocational trades, it serves vocational students from nearby high schools such as those in Greenville and Mulberry Grove. The building trades class at the center each year purchases property in Vandalia, builds a house, sells the improved property, they have sold 33 homes constructed by students. According to the census, Vandalia has a total area of 8.

Vandalia is situated on Interstate 70, U.

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Route 40 and U. Route 51; as of the census of , there were 6, people, 2, households, 1, families residing in the city. The population density was 1, There were 2, housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. There were 2, households out of which The average household size was 2. In the city, the population was spread out with The median age was 36 years.

For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were About 8. Vandalia is governed using the mayor council system; the council consists of eight members elected from one of four wards with each ward electing two members.

The mayor along with treasurer are elected in a citywide vote. The case of Frier v.

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American Legislative Leaders in the Midwest, (Strategic Thought) [​Charles F. Ritter, James Roger Sharp, Nancy Weatherly Sharp, Jon L. Wakelyn]. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. NANCY WEATHERLY SHARP is a member of the faculty American Legislative Leaders in the Midwest, (​Strategic Thought) - Kindle edition by Charles Ritter, James Roger Sharp, Nancy​.

City of Vandalia was a case decided by the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals on the issue of res judicata. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units.

Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System ; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards.

As of , the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the volcanoes in U.